We know that playing chess can exercise our minds. Chess is a brain game that enhances patience, perseverance, and concentration while developing memory, creativity, and intuition. It also helps improve the ability to process information easily, solve complex problems, and make tough decisions. While Playing chess cannot help improve your physical strength like other games, but it can benefit your mental health.
With so many benefits of playing chess on your child’s mental health, it is never too late for your child to learn how to play chess. Moreover, many schools nowadays are including chess in daily learning to help students improve their IQ and develop critical thinking. Chess players also exhibit higher cognitive skills compared to non-chess players. The skills required to play chess correlate with several measures of intelligence such as memory, processing speed, spatial intelligence, fluid reasoning, and logical-mathematical intelligence. Hence, learning how to play chess can enhance multiple intelligence.
The theory of Multiple Intelligence was outlined by Dr.Howard Gardner in his book named Frames of Mind: The theory of Multiple Intelligence. In this book, Gardner suggested that everyone has different kinds of intelligence. He also proposed that there are eight types of intelligence:
1. Linguistic Intelligence
2. Logical-Mathematical Intelligence
3. Visual and Spatial Intelligence
4. Musical Intelligence
5. Interpersonal Intelligence
6. Intrapersonal Intelligence
7. Naturalist Intelligence
8. Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence
In his book, Gardener stated that our culture and schools mostly focus on logic-mathematical and linguistic intelligence.While our culture respects people with logical people, Dr. Howard suggests that people with other types of intelligence like musicians, naturalists, artists, designers, dancers, architects and more should also get equal attention in the society.
Apart from these eight forms of intelligence, another type of intelligence suggested by Dr.Gardner is existential intelligence. It is the sensitivity and ability of an individual to tackle deep questions about the existence of humans, such as What is the real meaning and purpose of life? Why does everyone have to die? How and why did we get here?
Dr. Howard Gardener suggested in his book that skills required to play chess are drawn from visual-spatial intelligence and logical-mathematical intelligence. Moreover, when a child learns to play chess, his spatial intelligence along with logical-mathematical improves.
Chess can also help develop other types of intelligence such as interpersonal intelligence, intrapersonal intelligence, bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence,and existential intelligence. Here is how playing chess can improve these types of intelligence:
· Logical-Mathematical Intelligence: Chess makes you think about every move before you make it,along with its consequences in the short and long term during the game. This will help you analyze your every action. This will help you enhance critical thinking and logical reasoning abilities. Learning how to play chess can also help you improve mathematical intelligence.
· Visual-Spatial Intelligence:When you play chess, you are planning your future moves ahead of time. In order to do this, you need to visualize the changing composition of the chess board for a few moves ahead without even touching a single piece. This would require great visual and spatial intelligence. Playing chess can help you improve this skill and also improve your creativity.
· Interpersonal Intelligence:Interpersonal intelligence is the ability to effectively understand and communicate with others. Chess can help you better understand the strength and weaknesses of your companions and opponents.
· Intrapersonal Intelligence: It is the ability of an individual to understand oneself. It is an important intelligence to understand one’s feelings and thoughts and to use this knowledge to plan and direct one’s life. Learning to play chess can help improve the capability to reflect, control emotionality and instinct. Chess can stimulate decision-making, self-confidence, and a sense of responsibility.
· Bodily-Kinaesthetic Intelligence: it is the ability of an individual to use the whole body in expressing feelings and ideas. The skill is the ability to control bodily movements and skillfully handle various objects. Playing chess can help enhance spatial orientation and Kinesthetic intelligence.
· Viswanathan Anand: Viswanathan Anand is the first chess grandmaster from India and a five-time world chess champion. Anand became the fourth player in the world to cross the Elo rating of 2800 points in 2006. Anand became world chess champion in 2000 by winning FIDE world chess Championship, and then again in 2007, 2008, 2010, and 2012.
· Koneru Humpy: Koneru Humpy is the eighth female Grandmaster. Humpy became the youngest woman in the world to achieve the Grandmaster title in 2002 when she was 15 years, 1 month, and 27 days old. In 2007, she became the second woman ever to cross the Elo rating of 2600 after Judit Polgár. Koneru Humpy became the youngest Woman International Master of Asia in 1999. She received Arjuna Award in 2003 and Padma Shri in 2007.
· RPraggnanandhaa: RameshbabuPraggnanandhaa is the fifth-youngest person in the world to achieve the title of Grandmaster. He won World Youth Chess Championship Under-8 in 2013 and gained the title of FIDE Master when he was just 7 years. In 2015, Praggnanandhaa won the Under-10 FIDE Master title and became the youngest International Master in history.
Masterskillz.com teaches chess using an interactive method where students can learn at their own pace with immediate feedback.
So, it is clear from the above discussion that chess skills are mapped with development of multiple intelligence. Hence, enrol your child in a chess course from certified chess trainers to help their brain develop better cognitive skills, IQ, decision-making and problem-solving skills.